Paryanka means a bed, couch or sofa. This asana is a continuation of Supta Virasana. In it the body resembles a couch, hence the name.
- Sit in Virasana.
- Exhale and recline on the back. Lift the neck and the chest and arching the back up rest only the crown of the head on the floor. No part of the trunk should be on the floor. Bend the arms at the elbows. Hold with the right hand the left upper arm near the elbow and with the left hand the right upper arm near the elbow. Rest the folded arms on the floor behind the head.
- Stay in the pose for a minute with even breathing.
- Sit up in Virasana.
- Then straighten the legs one by one, lie flat on the back and relax.
As in Matsyasana and Paryankasana the dorsal region is fully extended so that the lungs are well expanded. The neck muscles are stretched and the thyroids and parathyroids are stimulated so that they function properly. Those who cannot perform Matsyasana will derive the same benefit from this exercise.
Whereas Virasana and Supta Virasana can be done at any time, even immediately after taking food, Paryankasana cannot be done immediately after a meal.